The Crusaders changed the course of world history. Such religious Orders as the Knights of Lazarus, Knights Hospitaller, Knights of Santiago, the Teutonic Knights, etc. remain active in various ways worldwide. Europe was under constant turmoil during the middle ages and it was the Knights who not only acted militarily, but also functioned as sheriffs to keep the peace in the various monarchies. Most of the notable explorers of the Americas were Knights from Spain and Portugal. As the Renaissance progressed, the role of the Knights moved from military funcitons to accolades given by Nobles for deeds of honor and achievements for the Crown. As the "wave of democracy" advanced in the 19th century, the Knightly Orders became fraternal organizations advancing chivalry and charity. Most are unaware of the hundreds of fraternal organizations that started with the Declaration of Independence and embraced the founding fathers of the United States as well as thousands of leaders in United States history.
There was a litany of these fraternal organizations at the turn of the 20th century.The Orders retained the emblems, symbols, or paraphernalia indicative of royalty by decorations or insignia as an office or membership. The Oxford English Dictionary defines a fraternity as “a group of people associated or formally organized for a common purpose, interest or pleasure.” Most groups of legend have spun off from the Knightly (Crusader) Orders, the Masonic Lodge, and others which have existed for centuries. The Odd Fellows, in the 19th century, arose with a wonderful history that they were formed out of the Roman Legions. All groups want to have some sort of association with antiquity, whether it be with the Roman Empire, Biblical times, the building of the Temple or the Crusades. It gave them credibility, an advance of virtue, a set of customs, and examples of past achievements. It also instills tradition.
Other fraternal organizations arose like the Boy Scouts, the Lions Club, Rotary, the Shriners, etc. to name just a few. To this day they contribute to Society through charity of volunteer aid.
The Crown Jewels
While Lodges have traditionally been all men, there have been auxiliary groups, such as Eastern Star, the Rebekahs or the Royal neighbors, made up primarily of women. These groups generally sprung up after the Civil War when women also took to the battlefield and gained noble respect. Some emblems, symbols, or paraphernalia possessed by rulers are a visual representation of imperial, royal or sovereign status. Some are shared with divinities, either to symbolize a god(ess)'s role as, say, king of the Pantheon (e.g. Brahman's sceptre) or to allow mortal royalty to resemble, identify with, or link to a divinity. The term crown jewels is commonly used for regalia items designed to lend luster to occasions such as coronations.
Crown jewels is the traditional English term for the elements in metalwork or jewelery of the royal regalia of a particular former or current monarchy state. They are often only used for the coronation of a monarch and a few other ceremonial occasions, though the monarch may also be often shown wearing them in portraits, as they symbolize the power and continuity of the monarchy. Though additions to them may be made, since medieval times the existing items are typically passed down unchanged as they symbolize the continuity of the monarchy.
Typical items in Europe include crowns, sceptres, orbs, swords, rings, all usually in gold and heavily decorated with jewels, in styles which go back to the Middle Ages and are normally very conservative to emphasize the continuity of the monarchy. Many crown jewels are kept in a museum setting except when in use, and can be seen by the public. The crown jewels of many former monarchies can also be seen in museums, and may still represent national cultural icons even for countries that are now republics, as for example in Hungary, where the Holy Crown of Hungary has been re-incorporated in the coat of arms of Hungary. Several countries outside Europe have crown jewels that are either in traditional forms for the country, or a synthesis of European and local forms and styles.
Heraldry is a broad term, encompassing the design, display, and study of armorial bearings (known as armory). The use of various devices to signify individuals and groups goes back to antiquity. In the Bible, the Book of Numbers refers to the standards and ensigns of the children of Israel, who were commanded to gather beneath these emblems and declare their pedigrees. The Greek and Latin writers frequently describe the shields and symbols of various heroes, and units of the Roman army were sometimes identified by distinctive markings on their shields. The origins of heraldry are sometimes associated with the Crusades. The gathering of large armies, drawn from across Europe for a united cause, would have encouraged the adoption of armorial bearings as a means of identifying one's commanders in the field of battle.
The spread of armorial bearings across Europe soon gave rise to a new occupation: the herald, originally a type of messenger (ambassador) employed by noblemen, assumed the responsibility of learning and knowing the rank, pedigree, and heraldic devices of various knights and lords, as well as the rules and protocols governing the design and description, or blazoning of arms, and the precedence of their bearers. Although heraldry originated from military necessity, it soon found itself at home in the pageantry of the medieval tournament.
As the rise of firearms rendered the mounted knight increasingly irrelevant on the battlefield during the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, and the tournament faded into history, the military character of heraldry gave way to its use as a decorative art. A logo is a graphic mark, emblem, or symbol commonly used by commercial enterprises, organizations and even individuals to aid and promote instant public recognition. As the industrial revolution converted western societies from agrarian to industrial in the 18th and 19th centuries, photography and lithography contributed to the boom of an advertising industry that integrated typography and imagery together on the page. »